Successful snow leopard conservation initiatives are associated with good science, where baseline information is systematically gathered and where there is sound ecological knowledge of the species and the habitat. For this reason, we support snow leopard and prey species status surveys, and conduct baseline inventories and assessments as part of the overall community-based conservation planning process. Snow leopards are most likely to be protected if the underlying key direct and indirect threats to the species are correctly identified and then effectively addressed. The Snow Leopard Conservancy, through its Stewardship Program, focuses on preventing retaliation by shepherds for livestock depredation by snow leopards. Through this focus, we are addressing the root-causes that lead to people-wildlife conflict – primarily poor guarding and animal husbandry practices and continued depletion of the natural prey base.